VAM 28


Primary Characteristics

28 - Doubled Profile

Identified in 1997 by Jeff Oxman


Obverse Hub III2 Die 17

Die 1 - The Liberty head profile is slightly doubled from the forehead to the chin. The phrygian cap is weakly doubled at the top edges.  There is a spike in the upper loop of both eights.  There is a die marker of a scratch at the back of the eye at the hair line.


Die 2 - Die chip at top left inside of the left 8 upper loop.  There is a die marker of a diagonal die scratch below the right rear of the Phrygian cap.  There is a reverse die marker of a polishing line on the second inner feather from the bottom of the eagle's left wing.


Die 3 - There are lines and pitting in the eagle's left wing-neck gap.  There is a diagonal polishing line in the R of LIBERTY.


Reverse Hub C3 Die a

Normal Die




Quick Identification Guide

The identification of the sub-die within VAM 28 might seem tricky but once you know a few tricks it becomes quite easy.  First understand that die 28.3 is the most dominant and almost all VAM 28 coins are Die 3, so start there.


  1. Is there a diagonal line it the R of LIBERTY?  If "Yes" then you have a Die 3.
  2. If there is no diagonal line in the R, then is there a polishing line or tiny gouge in the second feather of the eagle's lower left wing?  If so you have a Die 2.  As a secondary check, there should be some vertical polishing lines in front of Liberty's eye that follow the contour of the eyeball.
  3. If there is no diagonal line in the R, then do both 8s have a small die chip in the upper loop at about 10 o'clock?  In the second 8 it can be small and might be slightly separated from the edge of the upper loop.  This one is hard to see, but there should also be a small gouge behind the eye.  You have a Die 1.

This is how we learned to sort them out and hopefully it will help you.

PCGS Graded Coins - Die 1

PCGS Graded Coins - Die 2

PCGS Graded Coins - Die 3